A line dance is a choreographed dance with a repeated sequence of steps in which a group of people dance in one or more lines or rows without regard for the gender of the individuals, all facing the same direction, and executing the steps at the same time. Line dancers are not in physical contact with each other. Older “line dances” have lines in which the dancers face each other, or the “line” is a circle, or all dancers in the “line” follow a leader around the dance floor; while holding the hand of the dancers beside them.[1]

Each dance is said to consist of a number of walls. A wall is the  direction in which the dancers face at any given time: the front (the direction  faced at the beginning of the dance), the back or one of the sides. Dancers may  change direction many times during a sequence, and may even, at any given point,  be facing in a direction half-way between two walls; but at the end of the  sequence they will be facing the original wall or any of the other three.  Whichever wall that is, the next iteration of the sequence uses that wall as the  new frame of reference.

  • In a one-wall dance, the dancers face the same direction at the end  of the sequence as at the beginning.
  • In a two-wall dance, repetitions of the sequence end alternately at  the back and front walls. In other words, the dancers have effectively turned  through 180 degrees during one set. The samba line dance is an example of a  two-wall dance. While doing the “volte” step, the dancers turn 180 degrees to  face a new wall.
  • In a four-wall dance, the direction faced at the end of the sequence  is 90 degrees to the right or left from the direction in which they faced at the  beginning. As a result, the dancers face each of the four walls in turn at the  end of four consecutive repetitions of the sequence, before returning to the  original wall. The hustle line dance is an example of a four-wall dance because  in the final figure they turn 90 degrees to the left to face a new wall. In some  dances, they turn 270 degrees, a “three-quarter turn,” to face the new  wall.

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